Shockingly often, doctors miss opportunities to test people at high risk for diabetes. According to the Australian Diabetes Obesity and Lifestyle Study, an estimated two million Australians with pre-diabetes don’t know it. And 750,000 more live with undiagnosed diabetes. The following test will help you gauge your risk over the next five years.
HOME CHECK - Add up your score.
- Your age? (35-44, 2 points; 45–54, 4 points; 55–64, 6 points; 65 or older, 8 points)
- Male? (3 points)
- Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, Pacific Islander or Maori, or born in Asia? (2 points)
- A parent or sibling has been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes? (3 points)
- Have you ever been tested for high blood sugar (for example, during a health exam, illness or pregnancy)? (6 points)
- On high blood pressure medication? (2 points)
- Smoke cigarettes or other tobacco products daily? (2 points)
- Don’t eat vegetables or fruit? (Every day 1 point)
- Exercise for less than 2½ hours a week, on average? (2 points)
- Waist measurement (at the level of the navel, while standing) is male: (102-110cm, 4 points; over 110cm, 7 points); female: (88-100cm, 4 points; over 100cm, 7 points).
YOUR NEXT STEP - If your total score is 15 or more, you have a high risk of developing diabetes. Speak to your doctor and consider modifying your lifestyle.