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Film fiction

Film fiction
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Facts, schmacts! You won’t want to look to Hollywood for history trivia – here’s why.

Amistad

Amistad
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Steven Spielberg’s epic drama about a true 1839 slave ship rebellion and the resulting Supreme Court case takes a lot of liberties with the facts – mainly to create white heroes. In the movie, John Quincy Adams (played by Anthony Hopkins) argues for the African refugees’ freedom. He did that in real life, too, but his antislavery stances were more wishy-washy than the film would suggest. The movie also left out the part when 3,000 white people paid 12 cents to stare at the Africans while they were in jail awaiting the trial that would decide their fate.

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Pocahontas

Pocahontas
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Disney’s 1995 animated feature sets itself up as a story about the life of the Native American woman Amonute, nicknamed Pocahontas (which means “mischievous” or “playful”), who supposedly brokered peace between the Powhatan tribe and English colonisers in the early 17th century. While Captain John Smith himself did spread the story that the chief’s daughter saved his life, historians still debate whether throwing herself over the captured Smith actually was an act of mercy or just part of a traditional adoption ceremony ritual that Smith didn’t understand. Regardless, he and the then-12-year-old Pocahontas weren’t romantically involved – she was captured and married John Rolfe about seven years later. Oh, and despite the movie’s friendly overtones, 90 percent of the native population died of disease and genocide, thanks to the European settlers. Not exactly Disney material.

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Shakespeare in Love

Shakespeare in Love
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Academics in Shakespeare and Renaissance history found so many glaring errors in the much-beloved romance Shakespeare in Love. Nothing was accurate, from the props to the ways the characters talked. It was basically like the 1990s dating scene, except set in Elizabethan England. Shakespeare is also seen writing a play called Romeo and Ethel, the Pirate’s Daughter. If only that play were real – sounds like a masterpiece!

300

300
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This action film is based on a real battle that took place in 480 BC between Spartans and the Persian army. There would have been more than 300 warriors from Sparta there (in fact, probably closer to 7,000), but who knows if they actually had six-pack abs – or if their battle outfits were designed to display them. Xerxes, the real-life Persian king, is also depicted as a scantily clad giant god with a nose ring and covered in jewellery. Historical record implies the ruler dressed in clothes and was human.

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JFK

JFK
WARNER BROS/SHUTTERSTOCK

Oliver Stone’s epic movie about the JFK assassination is three hours and 26 minutes long. It made more than $200 million at the box office and was nominated for eight Oscars, including Best Picture. Stone claims the film was based on “research” and prompted pushes to have classified files about the assassination released, but many of the scenes in the movie are completely made up. For instance, one witness in the movie is murdered after confessing he worked with the CIA, had a close relationship with Lee Harvey Oswald, and knew the identities of the real killers. In real life, that same man was never found guilty and died of natural causes.

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The Patriot

The Patriot
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Mel Gibson’s revolutionary war drama is filled with a bunch of events that never took place. The most glaring addition is a scene in which civilians are locked in a church that is then set on fire by British troops. Gibson’s character constantly accuses the monstrous British troops of breaking the “rules of war,” even though there weren’t any at the time. Also, the film showed few slaves, and those it did represent were upbeat. And the “bundling bag” Heath Ledger’s character is sewn into – so he can spend the night with his girlfriend without having sex – is an inaccurate depiction of this traditional practice: Bundling did occur, but it was typically the woman who wore the bag.

Argo

Argo
WARNER BROS/SHUTTERSTOCK

Ben Affleck’s Argo won the Best Picture Oscar, but it wouldn’t win any history awards. The movie’s premise, that a fake movie production was created to rescue six Americans from Iran, is true. But the film completely downplays Canada’s involvement and help – even though that nation took all the credit at the time to avoid any repercussions about CIA involvement. Plus, the real-life airport scene actually went as smoothly as hoped, and most of the tense airport hijinks in the film’s climax never took place.

Here are 8 of the most bizarre coincidences throughout history. 

The Last Samurai

The Last Samurai
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This action film starring Tom Cruise takes place in Japan during the 1877 Satsuma Rebellion over the nation’s westernisation. His character is fictional – there was no American Civil War veteran present to help out. The movie also includes ninjas, a group that was no longer active during this time period. And the fight scenes feature swords, ignoring the guns and rifles that were also in use at the time.

Braveheart

Braveheart
ANDREW COOPER/SHUTTERSTOCK

Braveheart depicts late 13th- and early 14th-century Scottish rebellions against English rule. These battles occurred, but not in the way director Mel Gibson depicts them. In the movie, the warrior William Wallace (played by Gibson) is shown being raised as a farmer, but it seems that he was born into Scottish aristocracy. The movie’s Wallace is inspired to fight the English because they killed his wife, but historical records don’t mention her. In fact, very little is known about the real William Wallace.

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