Women are more at risk of these diseases
While the genders share a lot in common, men and women do have differences in anatomy, hormones and build. And it’s those differences that alter their risks of developing various diseases. These are the conditions that strike women more often than men.
This most common form of arthritis results from wear and tear on the joints. “Women have about a three times higher risk of osteoarthritis than men,” says Dr Gina Tran. “The way a woman’s body is structured may play a role, as women tend to have more flexible joints and elastic tendons than men.” This laxity is useful during pregnancy and birth, but also puts women at risk of sprains and injuries, leading to future osteoarthritis (OA). “Women also tend to have wider hips, which may affect the alignment of the knees and causes stress on them,” she says. In addition, women over the age of 50 are at increased risk of OA. “The loss of oestrogen could be a contributing factor, as oestrogen protects the cartilage and the joints from inflammation,” Dr Tran says. To reduce your risk, the Arthritis Foundation recommends physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight.
One of the most common forms of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Find out how to manage osteoarthritis.
According to alzheimers.net, women 65 and over have a 1 in 5 chance of developing Alzheimer’s, compared to a 1 in 11 chance for men. Experts long assumed the gender difference could be explained by the fact that Alzheimer’s risk goes up as we age – and women live longer than men. But research suggests other factors may play a role, such as hormonal changes during menopause, according to research in JAMA Neurology and the Cure Alzheimer’s Fund. You may be able to reduce your risk by keeping your mind and body active, getting enough sleep, and eating a healthy diet. Medical treatments can slow the progression of the disease, but can’t stop it.